Gov Varices Classification Essay

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24. Millar AJ, Brown RA, Hill ID, Rode H, Cywes S. The fundal pile: Bleeding gastric varices. J Pediatr Surg. 1991;26:707–9.[PubMed]

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30. Rivet C, Robles-Medranda C, Dumortier J, Le Gall C, Ponchon T, Lachaux A. Endoscopic treatment of gastroesophageal varices in young infants with cyanoacrylate glue: A pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc. 2009;69:1034–8.[PubMed]

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34. Yoshida T, Harada T, Shigemitsu T, Takeo Y, Miyazaki S, Okita K. Endoscopic management of gastric varices using a detachable snare and simultaneous endoscopic sclerotherapy and O-ring ligation. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 1999;14:730–5.[PubMed]

35. Lee TH, Shih LN. Clinical experience of endoscopic banding ligation for bleeding gastric varices. Hepatogastroenterology. 2008;55:766–9.[PubMed]

36. Yang WL, Tripathi D, Therapondos G, Todd A, Hayes PC. Endoscopic use of human thrombin in bleeding gastric varices. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002;97:1381–5.[PubMed]

37. Williams SG, Peters RA, Westaby D. Thrombin — An effective treatment for gastric variceal haemorrhage. Gut. 1994;35:1287–9.[PMC free article][PubMed]

38. Przemioslo RT, McNair A, Williams R. Thrombin is effective in arresting bleeding from gastric variceal hemorrhage. Dig Dis Sci. 1999;44:778–81.[PubMed]

39. Ramesh J, Limdi JK, Sharma V, Makin AJ. The use of thrombin injections in the management of bleeding gastric varices: A single-center experience. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008;68:877–82.[PubMed]

40. Chun HJ, Hyun JH. A new method of endoscopic variceal ligation-injection sclerotherapy (EVLIS) for gastric varices. Korean J Intern Med. 1995;10:108–19.[PMC free article][PubMed]

41. Sugimoto N, Watanabe K, Watanabe K, Ogata S, Shimoda R, Sakata H, et al. Endoscopic hemostasis for bleeding gastric varices treated by combination of variceal ligation and sclerotherapy with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. J Gastroenterol. 2007;42:528–32.[PubMed]

42. Romero-Castro R, Pellicer-Bautista FJ, Jimenez-Saenz M, Marcos-Sanchez F, Caunedo-Alvarez A, Ortiz-Moyano C, et al. EUS-guided injection of cyanoacrylate in perforating feeding veins in gastric varices: Results in 5 cases. Gastrointest Endosc. 2007;66:402–7.[PubMed]

43. Romero-Castro R, Pellicer-Bautista F, Giovannini M, Marcos-Sánchez F, Caparros-Escudero C, Jiménez-Sáenz M, et al. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided coil embolization therapy in gastric varices. Endoscopy. 2010;42(Suppl 2):E35–6.[PubMed]

44. Binmoeller KF, Weilert F, Shah JN, Kim J. EUS-guided transesophageal treatment of gastric fundal varices with combined coiling and cyanoacrylate glue injection (with videos) Gastrointest Endosc. 2011;74:1019–25.[PubMed]

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